In COVID-19, 'CO' stands for 'corona,' 'VI' for 'virus,' and 'D' for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as "2019 novel coronavirus" or "2019-nCoV". There are many types of human coronaviruses including some that commonly cause mild upper-respiratory tract illnesses.
At this time, there is no evidence that companion animals, including pets, can spread COVID-19 or that they might be a source of infection in the United States.
There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for COVID-19 infection. People infected with COVID-19 are treated with supportive care to help relieve symptoms.
Coronaviruses are members of the coronavirus family of viruses — one of the many families that include viruses able to infect people and animals. Seven members of the coronavirus family can make people ill, one of which is the new coronavirus strain SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19.
Current guidance indicates that there is: No viable virus after four hours on copper surfaces. No viable virus after 24 hours on cardboard surfaces. No viable virus after four days on plastic and stainless steel. The virus is greatly reduced after 72 hours.
Symptoms typically include fever, cough and shortness of breath. Less common symptoms include headache, sore throat, and stuffy or runny nose. Some people have also reported a diminished sense of taste and smell. In some patients, symptoms can worsen into pneumonia.
According to the WHO, older adults and persons with pre-existing medical conditions or compromised immune systems are at a higher risk for severe illness from the virus. This includes people who have heart disease, lung disease, cancer, high blood pressure, or diabetes.